January 2021

 
January 2021

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CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS OF PROFESSIONALISM WITHIN LIBYAN FOOTBALL CLUBS
Abdulgawad H. A. Busadra

Abstract: 
The attempt to reveal the shift from hobby to professional within sports clubs affected these clubs’ management. This study aims to identify the difficulties impeding the application of the professionalism of a legal impact on the administrative functioning and investigate the configuration centers and sports facilities currently available to allow the application of professional sports clubs. This study employs the cross-sectional methodology. The data of this study collected from 102 administrative staff from Libyan football clubs. This study showed a moderate percentage that agreed about the lack of specialized sport qualification of the most sport staff, and most of the staff work as volunteers within the football clubs. Several obstacles were found and explained. It recommends introducing sports professionalism through intensifying efforts and holding seminars, workshops, and conferences for administrators and officials of clubs and sports federations and focusing on developing the technical aspect of football as the most important pillars of professionalism.
[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-9 ] DOI: 10.30566/ijo-bs/2021.01.43


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THE IMPACT OF EDUCATION LEVEL ON THE DESIRE FOR ILLEGAL MIGRATION AMONG FOREIGN IMMIGRATION IN LIBYA
Najat Al-Abeid Al-Kamll Allaq; Dr. Zunirah Md Talib, Ibrahim Al-Jubari

Abstract: 
Purpose: This study’s main objective was to determine the impact of education level factors on the illegal migration among foreign immigration in Libya. Design/ Method/ Approach: The descriptive-analytical approach was used in this study. It is one of the most used methods in studying social and human phenomena and fits the phenomenon under study. It also examines an existing phenomenon or issue from which information can be answered to answer study questions without the researcher’s intervention. Findings: The current study has found out that there is a positive and significant relationship between education level factors and the desire to migrate in the Libyan society
FULL TEXT PDF 1-13 ] DOI: 10.30566/ijo-bs/2021.01.42
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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SECURITY FACTORS ON THE ILLEGAL MIGRATION IN LIBYA

Najat Al-Abeid Al-Kamll Allaq; Dr. Zunirah Md Talib, Ibrahim Al-Jubari

Abstract: 
Purpose: This study’s main objectives were to find out the impact of security, social, and psychological factors and on the illegal migration among foreign immigration in Libya. Design/ Method/ Approach: The descriptive-analytical approach was used in this study; it is one of the most used methods in the study of social and human phenomena and because it fits the phenomenon under study. It also examines an existing phenomenon or issue from which information can be answered to answer study questions without the intervention of the researcher. The questionnaire was adopted as a tool for systematic data collection to obtain basic data that serve the study’s objectives and answer its questions. While the questionnaire was designed specifically for the purposes of the current study; It was also distributed to a selected sample of the study population to obtain more information on the impact of illegal immigration on the Libyan-European relations to know their views on the questions of the study. Findings: Several tests have been conducted for the collected data. The main results found a positive and significant relationship between security reasons and the desire to migrate in the Libyan society. Also, there is a positive and significant relationship between social reasons and the desire to migrate to Libyan society. And finally, there is a positive and significant relationship between psychological reasons and the desire to migrate to Libyan society.
FULL TEXT PDF 1-15 ] DOI: 10.30566/ijo-bs/2021.01.41

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