Sleep Apnea: A Guide to Definition and Suggestions

Yu Yanmei; Fioni*, Ulina Karo-karo

Abstract: A condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is characterized by poor sleep quality, excessive daytime drowsiness, and impaired cognitive performance. As a result, it has long been regarded as a severe public health concern with possible social effects, such as higher morbidity and mortality, as well as cognitive deficiencies that affect job productivity. Recently, there has been a significant rise in the number of people identified with and cured with OSA. A worldwide condition with increased prevalence and comorbidities, particularly with metabolic syndrome, is OSA. Diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM), hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension are significant contributors to sleep apnea. To control OSA, CPAP treatment may be used. As worldwide awareness grows, health care systems provide prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. To reduce obesity, people need to be aware of exercising and changing their lifestyle habits (eating habits, smoking, drinking). Obesity and sleep apnea will be dramatically decreased if these lifestyle changes are widely adopted. To enhance quality of life, the public must be aware of weight reduction via diet and exercise. They may also lower the risk of other comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and depression associated with obesity. Finally, health care prices will fall.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-4 ] DOI: 10.30566/ijo-bs/2021.special.16

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